This surgical technique was developed in 1939 by the Portuguese physician António Egas Moniz. Ten years later, he received the Nobel Prize for his discovery, which conferred status to the technique. Eventually, surgeons began experimenting with several different methods of the procedure. In Sweden, thousands of patients were operated on in places such as Umedalen Hospital, Sidsjön Hospital, Lillhagen Hospital and Beckomberga. Around 1950, these procedures reached a peak in Sweden, although lobotomies continued until the mid-1960s.

Listen to Kenneth Ögren, PhD in Medical Science, talk about his research on lobotomy, a fascinating, controversial and much-criticised chapter in medical history.

Moderator: Hampus Busk, Stockholm City Archives